US labor laws are a set of regulations that govern the rights and responsibilities of workers and employers in the United States. These laws include federal and state regulations that cover a wide range of topics, including minimum wage, overtime pay, worker safety, discrimination in the workplace, and the right to form and join unions.
Some of the key federal laws that regulate labor in the United States include:
- Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA): This law establishes minimum wage, overtime pay, and child labor standards for most private and public sector employees.
- National Labor Relations Act (NLRA): This law protects workers' rights to form and join unions, engage in collective bargaining, and strike.
- Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA): This law requires employers to provide a safe and healthy work environment for their employees.
- Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA): This law prohibits discrimination against people with disabilities in all aspects of employment, including hiring, firing, and job training.
- Title VII of the Civil Rights Act: This law prohibits discrimination in employment on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.
- Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA): This law requires covered employers to provide eligible employees with unpaid leave for certain medical and family reasons.
These laws are enforced by various federal and state agencies, such as the Department of Labor, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, and state labor departments.